Great Monuments from Around The World
Who doesn't want to travel the world? But before one does step out, one needs to know where he is headed. Therefore, to make things simpler for you we have curated a list of most iconic monuments from around the world.
1 - Eiffel Tower
This three storey metal tower is located in the city center of Paris. It was created for the 1889 World's Fair (Universal Expo) to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. The 324 m / 1062 ft high Eiffel Tower was built by Auguste Eiffel and a team of engineers. If you want to step up to the tower viewing platform on the second floor, there are 704 stairs to climb, but fortunately each part of the foot also has lifts to the second floor. The tower has been visited by over 250 million people since its opening and in 2016 more than 7 million visitors were welcomed to the top platform of the tower!
2 - Great Wall of China
the great Wall of China The Great Wall is one of the seven wonders of the world. It runs in squares at very long distances across China. The wall is also known as 'Wall long wall' as it is 21,196 km / 13,171 miles long. It was made of stones, bricks and tile, earth as well as wooden items. The wall was completed in 1644, but it took more than 2,000 years to build. There are over 20,000 watchtowers along the wall as it was built to protect the country from attacks from nomads and enemies and makes it easier to collect fees for goods carried along the Silk Road. Today this wall is the most popular tourist attraction in China with more than 10 million visitors per year. Contrary to popular belief, the Great Wall cannot be seen from the Moon!
3 - Kremlin
The Grand Kremlin Palace is part of the Kremlin complex and is located next to Red Square and St. Basil's Cathedral in Russia's capital Moscow. The Kremlin is a walled fortress and is built along the Moskva River. The name 'Kremlin' means 'a fortress within a city'. The over 500-year-old Kremlin includes its own 20 towers as well as four churches and five palaces within the walls. The Kremlin was once the residence of the Tzers. Today, this is where the Russian President lives. The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed, commonly referred to as St. Basil's Cathedral, is easily recognized because of its nine brightly colored onion domes.
4 - Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy
The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the major tourist attractions in Italy. The freestanding bell tower of Pisa Cathedral was built in about two hundred years and was finished in 1399. The original height of the tower was 60 m / 196 ft, but as it tilts, the lowest side is now less than 56 m / 184 ft. Construction was already the cause of many problems because the soil was soft, sandy and unstable. Already during construction, builders tried to balance the tilt side with more columns on the other side, but the tower is still tilted - like many other buildings in the area. In 2000, the tower was strengthened by putting strong soil under the tower. You can walk on the platform to see 251 stairs at the top of the tower which is quite a stunning experience. And of course take a picture of you from the lawn next to the tower to 'hold' the tower.
5 - Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt
The Great Pyramid of Giza near Cairo is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and one of the only wonders of these ancient worlds that still exists. The pyramids are made of stone and bricks and stand near Cairo which is the capital of Egypt. Egyptian pyramids were built at a time when only manual labor and no machine lifting equipment were available. The pyramids were built to house the bodies of Pharaohs who ruled in ancient Egypt. Next to the pyramids of Giza is the Sphinx, a famous monument to the body of a lion with Pharaoh's head. The Giza Pyramids are approximately 4,500 years old and are considered among the largest structures ever built. More about the pyramids here. See also our page about landmarks in Africa.
6 - Sydney Opera House in Australia
The Sydney Opera House, built in Australia's largest city, is famous for its roof architecture that resembles shells or sails. The Opera House was designed by Jörn Utton from Denmark and was built between 1959 and 1973. The roof is covered with over 1 million roof tiles. They were manufactured in Sweden. The Opera House has several performance halls and theater and exhibition space. More than 40 shows are staged here every week. Every year, over 8 million visitors visit this Australian landmark! Every evening the roof is lit in colorful spectacles.
7 - Statue of Liberty in the USA
The Statue of Liberty is 92 m / 305 ft high and is made of an iron structure with copper skin. Lady Liberty, as the statue is often referred to, was designed by Frederick Auguste Bartholdi and the woman's massive iron skeleton was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel who also designed the Eiffel Tower. The statue was built and completed in 1884 in France. The memorial was then divided into 350 pieces and packed into 214 boxes and shipped to New York. The Statue of Liberty was a gift of the French people to the American people in 1886 on the American Century. The flame of the torch is covered with 24k gold and has seven rays of crown for seven continents. The memorial is located on Liberty Island in the Hudson River in front of New York City. You can climb 154 stairs from the statue's head to the effigy where you can have great views of the 'New Big Apple' as New York is often affectionately called.
8 - Taj Mahal in India
The Taj Mahal, meaning 'crown of palaces' in the Persian language, is located on the banks of the Yamuna River in Agra in northern India. In 1632, the emperor, Shah Jahan, directed to build a mausoleum for his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal houses the wife's mausoleum as well as a mosque and a guesthouse. The Taj Mahal is made of white marble and made of the finest materials from all over Asia. It is decorated with precious and semi-precious stones. Quran lines are depicted on many walls. The main dome of the Taj Mahal is 35 m / 115 ft. Altitudes and towers are 40 m / 130 ft each. long. It is said that more than 20,000 workers built the memorial and more than 1,000 elephants were used to help transport heavy materials during construction. The tomb attracts more than 8 million visitors every year.
9 - Moai on Easter Island / Chile
There are huge sculptures on the Polynesian island of Rapa Nui. The island is commonly called Easter Island and belongs to Chile. Easter Island is 2,200 miles from Chile in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. The islanders made more than 900 carved stone figures between 1250 and 1500. Most of the stone figures with oversized heads were made with tuff stone and compressed volcanic ash. The figures weigh an average of 14 tons, which is as much as two elephants! However, the sculptures vary in size, some are small and some are very large. The heaviest stone figure weighs 82 tons and is 10 meters / 33 feet tall! They are approximately 4 m / 13 ft long. Most islanders believe that giant stone sculptures represent their ancestors. There are more than 900 memorial statues and 300 ceremonial platforms that are sacred to the Rapa Nui people. More information here.
10 - Machu Picchu in Peru
Machu Picchu which means Mountain Old Mountain in the local Quechua language is a famous site of Peru. It is also known as 'The Lost City of the Incas'. The ruins of Lost City lie in the mountains at an altitude of more than 2,400 meters / 8,000 feet above sea level. This ruins site has more than 200 different buildings and structures. The ruins were never discovered by European conquerors, but were only known in 1911 when an American archaeologist led the site by locals. While some believe that Machu Picchu was built as a sacred site, others think it was once the summer retreat of an Inca emperor. It was built during the 14th century and probably more than 1,000 people lived there. As the site is built on a hilly ridge and thus will always be at risk of slipping down the slope during the rainy season, more than 600 terraces and a well laid drainage system were built around the city. The city is a magical scene and a great example of Inca engineering, as the city's structures and buildings were also built without using wheels!